Plastic pollution is one of the biggest issues we have with our planet, and if we don’t take any measures as quickly as possible, our home and we along with it will suffer and face very severe consequences!
Since the 1950s, more than 8.3 billion tons of plastic were produced. And from that only 9% have been recycled, 12% have been burned and the rest of the plastic has ended up in landfills or in the environment.
But, every year, 12.7 million tons of plastic end up in our oceans, therefore it is estimated that there are about 5 trillion pieces of plastic in the oceans.
Also the most powerful countries in the world such as the U.S., U.K., and Canada are exporting plastic waste to other countries in Africa and Asia, in other words they are giving away the plastic pollution problem to less fortunate countries.
While a few nations like Costa Rica have prohibited single-use plastics, a few urban communities, similar to Seattle, and Washington, have restricted single-use straws, and zero-squander supermarkets are opening all around the globe, all of us have to make up for lost time and go with the same pattern, as we have far to go before we comprehend the plastic scourge.
Researchers have inadvertently found another feasible answer for the issue – a worm that can eat its way through the plastic. It is known as a waxworm, and it is an individual from the caterpillar family.
It parasitizes honey bee provinces and eats wax. It tends to be obtained for terrarium pets, similar to reptiles, to eat. The worm is additionally valuable in creature explore as it can supplant well evolved creatures in certain tests.
Whenever teacher and beekeeper Federica Bertocchini expelled a pervasion from one of her hives and put them in a plastic pack, the worms basically ate out.
In this manner, alongside researchers Paolo Bombelli and Christopher J. Howe, she chose to direct further research utilizing 100 of the worms.
They set them in different shopping packs and around 40 minutes after the fact, they saw gaps. Following 12 hours, the plastic had diminished by 92 mg.
To guarantee that the worms influence the plastic, and were not just biting the plastic into littler pieces, the researchers crushed some of them up and spread the grub glue on plastic sacks. Once more, the gaps showed up.
The ravenous craving for plastic could out the worms to great use. Every year, the normal individual uses more than 200 plastic packs which can take somewhere in the range of 100 and 400 years to debase in landfill destinations.
They presume that the plastic-eating worms have a specific catalyst that causes them digest plastic. Furthermore, they as of now eat wax, which is a “characteristic plastic.”
The grubs appear to breakdown polyethylene with similar proteins they use for eating beeswax.
Paolo Bombelli, a natural chemist at Cambridge, said the finding could prompt an answer for the plastic waste mounting up in conduits, seas, and landfills.
With further research, the researchers plan to distinguish the chemicals that the waxworms produce when they get down to business on a sack, and the qualities may then be placed into microbes, similar to E Coli, or into marine life forms called phytoplankton, and used to corrupt plastics in nature.
As there are severe guidelines around the arrival of hereditarily changed life forms into the earth, another approach to decrease plastic waste could be to breed enormous quantities of the waxworms and let them free on waste. However, this may be suitable on the off chance that these worms have a perpetual craving for plastic shopping sacks.
Bombelli wants to find out if they’re eating the plastic as food, or if they are eating it just to escape. If they’re eating it just to escape, then they’ll get fed up quickly, but if they’re using it as food, this discovery will be promising.
Even though that a lot more research needs to be done on these worms, we are still just left to hope that they might be the ones that will save our planet from the plastic pollution!